Short and Simple Summary of Bhagavad Gita (2)

Bhagavad Gita is one of the precious gems of Hindu scriptures. It is present in Mahabharata, and covers the portion of dialogue between Lord Krishna and Arjuna.
The Bhagavad Gita is a conversation occurring between Lord Krishna and Arjuna in the midst of the battlefield of Kurukshetra.
This post is continued from the previous post: Bhagavad Gita Summary (1).
 

BHAGAVAD GITA CHAPTER 10

Till now the chapters were interrelated and were discussing different theories and philosophies. But this chapter is different from others as this chapter provides knowledge of the potencies of Lord Krishna. 

The Supreme Lord here tells Arjuna about his potencies, manifestations, powers, etc. 

He says that he is the supreme cosmic being which is repeatedly mentioned in the Vedas. 

He is the supreme truth that resides in the tenth dimension and from him; the whole universe comes out. 

In the form of Lord Shiva, he is the first teacher of this world as he gave divine knowledge to the Sun, God, Saptarishis, etc. In the form of Lord Brahma, he creates this world. 

Also, he tells that he is the original form of Lord Vishnu. Rama, Vishnu, Narsimha; all are his external forms. 

In the internal form of him, he is the original Lord whom we know as Krishna.

He says that those who are engaged in this Materialistic world, don’t know me. 

They think that I’m just a simple manifestation of God. While those who are wise know that he is the supreme.

 

BHAGAVAD GITA CHAPTER 11

Now seeing that Arjuna has gained the divine knowledge and realized the supreme being; now He starts showing Arjuna his real cosmic form. 

First, he gave Arjuna the divine vision of him as in normal eyes he could not see God’s real form.

 Here Sanjay also sees the cosmic form of Krishna with the divine vision of Rishi Ved Vyasa. 

When Arjuna sees the divine form of God, he first gets horrified. A giant human with billions of heads, billions of hands, and crores of bodies.

 He sees gods as well as demons also standing together with the Lord. Also, he sees the heads of Shiv, Brahma, Ganesha, Hanuman, Shanidev, Rama, etc. along with the lord.

He also sees one man with a devil’s from eating the Kauravas. Arjuna asks Krishna who is he? 

Lord Krishna answers that he is the God of death.

He says that in the form of death, he has already killed Kauravas. That’s why he was saying Arjuna to not be afraid of the war.

BHAGAVAD GITA CHAPTER 12

In this chapter, God explains Arjuna about the way of devotion. He says that even a normal person can do the devotion of God and acquire divine qualities.

Doing everything for Shri Krishna, worshiping him, meditating on him, focusing on him, remembering him and his manifestations, etc. will lead a person to Liberation.

The supreme God explains how important the path of devotion is for a normal person. He explains the significance of Devotion towards God. 

He says that the other paths for liberation like asceticism are difficult and only possible for sages and saints. For a simple man, devotion is the best.

 

BHAGAVAD GITA CHAPTER 13

Now Arjuna asks Krishna about the body, it’s the knower and the God. Shri Krishna explains Arjuna all things in short. He says that this body is a field and the one who knows about this body is called the knower.

He explains that the five elements, ten senses, ego, and intellect, all this makes the body and the one who realizes about the Supreme truth and the soul, achieves liberation. 

Lord Krishna says that God has his ears, nose, mouth everywhere. 

He can hear, see, or smell everything.

He is omnipresent, omnipotent, and omniscient. He creates everything, preserves everything, and destructs everything.

He is beyond this world, the three qualities and this materialistic world. Respecting elders, detachment from everything, respect for the other gender, the mental equilibrium, selfless devotion towards god, no desires for materialistic things, and not speaking much is knowledge.

Everything other than this is clear ignorance which any spiritually aware person should avoid.

BHAGAVAD GITA CHAPTER 14

On asking of Arjuna, now the Supreme Lord tells him about the three qualities of this world. These three qualities are Sattva (goodness), Rajas(attraction), and Tamas (ignorance). 

He tells Arjuna about these qualities, their importance, their effect on us, and their significance in our life and behavior. 

Sattva quality is the mode of goodness and humbleness. Rajas quality is the mode of passion, attraction, and sexuality.

 Tamas quality is the mode of ignorance and laziness and evilness.

Everyone has all these qualities in themselves. Those who have Sattvik quality dominant in them are called as Sattvik and are good people. 

Those who have Rajasic quality dominant in them are attractive, greedy, and lusty people.

Like this, only the Tamasic people are evil, ignorant, and lazy. These qualities change according to the mood, emotion, and behavior of a person

Shri Krishna tells that one should go beyond these qualities. We can be freed from these three qualities by doing devotion and meditation. 

He says that a person who is freed from all these qualities will always see a lump of earth, a piece of diamond, and coal as the same.

One who gets beyond these qualities achieves a divine body like any God.

BHAGAVAD GITA CHAPTER 15

The god now compares this whole materialistic world as a banyan tree. This tree grows in the field of our bodies. All the qualities, emotions, actions, and fruits are there in this tree. 

He advises us to cut this tree with the sword of detachment. Shri Krishna also tells that this tree is grown by the seed of the three qualities. 

Each leaf of this tree is the knowledge that helps us to grow higher and higher. Now the Lord reveals Arjuna his real secret. 

The Purushottam, the supreme cosmic being, whose mention is repeated in the Vedas, is Lord Krishna himself.

You can understand this with an example. All the universes are just like computers. These computers are made by different persons. 

These persons are Lord Brahma. 

Every computer has its creator and every universe has its Brahma. Now the programmer of all these computers is Lord Krishna. 

When any computer gets corrupted and starts to get; it is destroyed by Lord Shiva. 

One who realizes Krishna as the supreme god and the supreme being; gets enlightened and achieves liberation. 

BHAGAVAD GITA CHAPTER 16

In this chapter, God explains the two types of natures: The Divine and the Devil nature.

This is a very important topic as the Divine God explains about the evils and the good.

First, he tells that the Sattvik people are divine.

 Then he tells that the Rajasic and Tamasic nature are devilish. Divine nature leads to liberation and god. Evil nature will always lead to hell.

Those who are humble, love everyone, are not engaged in this materialism, eat pure veg food, do good for others, and never accept any results for in return are people of Divine nature.

Now those who just want results, money, and beauty, eat non-veg food, always want something in return for what they do, always plan to cheat anyone who is Devilish. 

These people just burn in hell. God also tells us that Greed, Lust, and Anger are the three doors of Hell.

BHAGAVAD GITA CHAPTER 17

Arjuna asks Lord Krishna about what will happen to the faith of god and this Sanatan Dharma in Kalyug. 

God answers him that in kalyug, people will make their fake gods and religions.

People will have misunderstandings about God and the fake Gurus will mislead the foolish people.

However, there will be people of my faith as well. There will be three types of faith in people:-

Sattvik, Rajasic, and Tamasic. 

People who are Rajasic will worship demigods and will forget about God. They will worship God or demigod only for fulfilling materialistic desires.

There will be such people also who will worship demons for fulfilling their desires. These will be Tamasic people. 

But there will be such people also who will worship the Supreme God and without any desires or reasons. 

Shri Krishna tells that serenity, equilibrium, silence, control on the mind, and purity of mind are the five austerities of mind which will be there in a true devotee of him.

He also says that chanting Om, Tat Sat (symbol of god), will purify you from all the dirtiness and free you from the qualities.

BHAGAVAD GITA CHAPTER 18

This chapter differentiates between renunciation and inquisition. When a person gives up all the works based on any material desire, it is called renunciation.

If a person gives up the desires of all the works but doesn’t leave the work, it is called an inquisition.

Now there always has been a long debate about what is right?? Renunciation or requisition??

Lord Krishna answers that Yagya, penance, and donation are essential and these works should never be given up.

In this requisition is right as in it we can do Yagya, penance, and donation. 

 Renunciation is wrong as it also gives up these essential tasks which should be done by everyone.

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